MUSLIM  LEADERS

TURKS OF RUM
Kilij Arslan I
Al-Husaq the Danishmend
Hasan of Capadocia

TURKS OF MOSUL
Kerbogha of Mosul
Balduk, Emir of Samisat
Ahmed Ibn Merwan            Wattab Ibn Mahmud 

TURKS OF ANTIOCH
Yaghi-Siyan
Shams ad-Daula
Jalal al-Mulk

TURKS OF ALEPPO
Ridwan of  Aleppo
Soqman of Diarbekir
Omar of Azaz

TURKS OF DAMASCUS
Duqaq of Damascus
Tughtigin
Janah ad-Daula of Homs

FATIMIDS OF EGYPT
Al-Mustali
Al-Afdal
Iftidhar ad-Daulah

ARMENIAN OF EDESSA
Thoros of Edessa
Gabriel of Melitene
Kogh Basil of Raban

ARMENIAN OF CILICIA
Thatoul of Marash
Constantine of Partzerpert
Oshin of Lampron

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


Kilij Arslan I, Sultan of Rum. Son to Suleiman Ibn Kutulmish. 
He murdered his father-in-law Chaka (Emir of Smyrna) in a banquet in Nicaea, after making drunk him. 
He defeated Peter the Hermit's people easily, but the organized crossed armies that arrived then, they were another thing. 
His sultanate "Rum" (of "Roman", as they called to the Byzantine empire) had been snatched by his father Suleiman to the Byzantine ones. 
He was 17 years old, was a nomadic sultan that lived fighting against the Turkish neighbors to recover his father's inheritance from the 13 years.

Al-Husaq. Emir of the house Danishmend that controlled the cities of Caesarea, Sebastea, Amasea and others. 
His nicknamed was "The wise", because was very learned, on the contrary that most of the Turkish emirs, that they were illiterate. 
He took advantage of the death of Suleiman to conquer the whole northeast of Anatolia. 
He was in war against Kilij Arslan I, but with the arrival the "franys", both united their armies to expel them.

Hasan. Emir of Capadocia. Kilij Arslan´s vassal.

Kerbogha,Atabeg of Mosul. More important Prince of the superior Mesopotamia and the Jezireh. 
Mosul was a very noted and rich city (the muslin was exported everybody and already exploited the naphtha production (petroleum). 
He had with him troops of the Sultans of Persia and Bagdad ( Mosul depended in theory of the Abasid Caliph of Bagdad ). 
Kerbogha was Mameluke, that is to say, had been slave (Atabeg means "The prince's Tutor". In those times in that many rulers died in battle or murdered, the Atabegs, slaves tutors of the smaller heirs, acquired a great power and prestige). 
Kerbogha was a skilled political, good financial and great strategist. He was a great chess champion. He was very authoritarian and arrogant, for what many of his emirs had him dislike.

Ahmed ibn Merwan. Arab general, Kerbogha´s lieutenant of trust.

Wattab ibn Mahmud. Kerbogha´s Arab general.

Yaghi-Siyan. Governor of Antioquía. Nominally depended of the Ridwan of Aleppo (of who was father-in-law), but in the practice was independent, and he had supported a while ago Duqaq of Damascus against Ridwan. 
He had long white beard. Was very astute and tenacious. His government had survived thanks to his cunning, with which was able to face his enemies to each other. 

Shams ad-Daula. Son to Yaghi-Siyan. His name means "Sun of the State". 
He was valiant, intelligent, very passionate and tenacious.

Jalal al-Mulk. Cadi of Tripoli. Arab boss to the dynasty of the Banu'Ammar, a dynasty that had conserved its independence thanks to the ability to face to the Egyptian fatimids with the Turkish seljuks. 
He was very respected by the whole Islam, was very learned and had gotten a great prosperity for the city of Tripoli.

Ridwan, Emir of Aleppo. Son to Tutush, that had been sultan of Syrian with the approval of his brother Malik Shah, caliph of Bagdad. 
Brother to Duqaq of Damascus and cousin to Soqman of Diarbekir. His father-in-law was the Emir of Hamah. 
He was 20 years old, was low, thin and of severe look, had gloomy, dark and sharp factions. 
People believed a legend, according to which in the basements of his palace hid a powerful witchdoctor what nobody had seen the face. It was murmured he was the devil. In fact he was a doctor-astrologer of the sect of the assasins that had him under his influence. (the assasins were a sect whose main nucleus was in Persia, in the castle of Alamut. The supreme boss was Hasan as-Sabbah. They consumed hashish, of where it derives the name of assasins. Their addicts were fanatic that they became famous to even murder in the following years to many important leaders, give their own life). 
Ridwan was very cruel and cold as the marble. He had already made many crimes from the childhood. In 1095, when ascending to the throne of Aleppo, he ordered to murder his smaller 3 siblings. Duqaq could escape.

Soqman, Emir of Diarbekir. He was cousin to Ridwan and Duqaq. 
Son to Ortoq that had been Emir of Jerusalem. 
Unite to his brother Ilghazi had governed Jerusalem, but they were expelled by the Iftikhar´s Egyptians.

Omar, Emir of Azaz. Ridwan´s vassal.

Duqaq Shams al-Malik, Emir of Damascus. Brother to Ridwan, of which was enemy mortal. Duqaq had sworn to kill Ridwan before dying. 
He was very young, about 17 years old. When his brother wanted to kill him, he escaped and took refuge in Damascus, city that proclaimed him emir. 
He had very bad health and an irritable and vile character, was obsessed with his brother, didn't think more than in killing him.

 Tughtigin. Atabeg of Duqaq. Old militar slave. He was lame, ambitious, astute and without scruples. He had a mature and realistic character, and didn't hesitate in making treatments with the francs when it interested him.

Janah ad-Daula, Emir of Homs. Great warrior, famous for his bravery.

Al Mustali. Caliph fatimid from Egypt. Minor than age (9 or 10 years old). The one that in fact exercised the power was the Great Vizier Al-Afdal, but Al Mustali had the nominal power. 

Al-Afdal Shah an-Shah. Great Vizier of Egypt. He was in fact who controlled Egypt. He had succeed to his father, the Armenian Badr al-Jamali, as Vizier of Egypt. 
He was 35 years old, was quite stout and valiant. 
He had friendship with Alexius of Byzancio, in who trusted. When the crusaders began to conquer territories, Al-Afdal was happy, because he believed they were mercenary to the emperor and he thought that among both would be distributed the lands that removed to the Turks. When Alexius communicated him he didn't have any control about the crusaders and that they wanted to obtain own states, Al-Afdal saw the danger.

Iftikhar Ad-Dawlah. Governor of Jerusalem.  His name means "Pride of the State". 
Military experienced, very cautious and wise.

Thoros, Prince of Edessa. He had conquered the city in 1094 to a Turkish captain, Buzan. 
He obtained the position of Curopalate the emperor Alexius, but in the practice accepted the sovereignty of the bosses Turkish neighbors, that they were divided to each other. 
Time ago, Thoros had been official of the Byzantine army. 
He was oppressive with his people and demanded many taxes, for what his town hated him.

Gabriel, Lord of Melitene. Father-in-law to Thoros. He had accepted the sovereignty of the caliph from Bagdad. He was always threatened by the Turkish Danishmend, for what should always be to the defensive. 
In times he had been official of the Byzantine army.

Kogh Basil, Prince of Raban and Kaisun, called "Basil the Robber".

Thatoul, Governor of Marash. He had been official Byzantine. Was very rich.

Constantine the Roupenio. He had his general quarter in the castle of Partzenpert. 
Constantine had snatch the great castle of Vahka to a garrison of Byzantines, of which was enemy to death.

Oshin of Lampron. He controlled the mountains of Cilicia. He had his main haven in the unassailable castle of Lampron, in a high mount that dominated Tarsus and the plain of Cilicia. Oshin had snatched Lampron to a Byzantine garrison.